Nearsightedness, officially known as myopia, is a common eye issue. With myopia, close objects are clearly seen while far away objects are blurry. This is due to a refractive error within the eye.
Children and adults can be affected by myopia. In fact, many children with myopia don’t even realize they have sight issues. However, if myopia is not diagnosed quickly in a child, they could face issues with development and performance in school. Approximately 25 percent of Americans have myopia. Typically, children between the ages of 6 and 12 are first diagnosed with myopia, which tends to get worse during the teenage years. Myopia can worsen with age; however, it’s not common to experience a drastic change in myopia between the ages of 20 and 40. Those most affected by myopia have parents who also have the condition. Other groups affected by myopia are those with cataracts and diabetes.
Myopia is diagnosed by an ophthalmologist, who may also find other refractive errors during a comprehensive eye exam. Eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery can correct myopia.
If you experience visual discomfort or blurred vision, or if your child complains of not seeing clearly, contact Riverdale Ophthalmology today.